Reconstruction Design of Wujiaqiao Villager’s Dwelling / FANAF + Jiangsu Institute of City&Rural Planning and Design
Textual content description offered by the architects. The mission is positioned in Wuqiao village, Qiandeng, Kunshan. The unique website is the provision and Advertising Cooperative of Wuqiao village. As a cooperative of the technique of manufacturing division close to the ferry terminal on the East River financial institution, it’s a mandatory place for North-South ship commerce. Till the start of reform and opening up, it witnessed the prosperity of the riverside. Underneath the tide of latest rural development, the architectural scale of conventional villages has undergone subversive adjustments, most of that are overturned and rebuilt, breaking the feel of the unique conventional villages within the south of the Yangtze River, and likewise breaking apart and reorganizing the manufacturing and lifetime of the villagers. The design staff hopes to keep up the unique scale of the constructing, resolve the hole between the brand new and the previous after the reconstruction of the unique website by means of the restoration of the order of the general public house and the continuation of the historic texture, and rebuild the native cultural reminiscence.
Based mostly on the precept of respecting historical past and website, the transformation continues the L-shaped structure of the constructing, doesn’t change the peak of the unique constructing, retains the crimson tile roof with native reminiscence, and endows the constructing with new inner vitality by means of the enclosure of spatial features. The outside is open and clear alongside the river. The South and north sides are residential homes. The facade of the constructing is comparatively closed. The lattice wall is ready to divide the interior and exterior house interfaces, and join the tea room, village historical past corridor, and reception room of the interior house.
The unique constructing adopts a metal and wooden construction roof truss with white partitions and crimson tiles. The principle construction of the constructing has been broken on account of age. The principle gate is positioned on the west facet, and the north and east sides are comparatively closed. The enclosed courtyard on the south facet is overgrown with weeds as a result of lack of administration and safety for a very long time. The general house streamline isn’t easy and the services are previous. When it comes to architectural structure, the planar group of mutual penetration of blocks and courtyards is adopted. Three courtyards are organized in several practical areas, and a semi-open courtyard is designed on the junction of the south wall and the hall, highlighting the permeability of indoor and out of doors house and introducing the impact of adjusting surroundings step-by-step.
The Ba Jiao courtyard on the entrance is designed as a comparatively outward courtyard, which serves as a panorama house outdoors the tea room, hall, and wall, enjoying a guiding and connecting position; The water yard related with the plantain yard is the primary out of doors exercise house of the entire constructing. It faces the village historical past museum and reception room. Bamboo, Chinese language tallow, and water lily are planted alongside the water floor within the yard, and there are sceneries in 4 seasons; The inside courtyard connected to the reception room is planted with shade-loving ferns and Millennium bushes, that are small and distinctive. The dimensions and openness of the courtyard make totally different areas mix and join. Strolling outdoors the courtyard, you’ll be able to vaguely see the panorama contained in the courtyard by means of the lattice brick wall, and other people within the courtyard may vaguely see the pedestrians on the highway outdoors the constructing by means of the lattice wall.
To be able to mirror the concord between conventional structure and trendy components, the unique triangular picket body construction has been improved in structural therapy. By including a beam-column system, excessive home windows are made within the house between the roof truss and metal beams, lighting and air flow are elevated, and corridors are added to attach the interior and exterior areas. The visible hall kinds a panorama relationship.
When it comes to materials therapy, the design staff studied quite a lot of masonry strategies for bricks. The standard hole brick wall and hole lattice wall are used for brick wall development, and the double-layer hole masonry fashion is used for the courtyard wall. The metal construction beam column mixed with the wooden construction roof truss is a brand new type totally different from the standard one, forming a dialogue between the brand new and the previous. The mushy ornament can be primarily hand-woven, emphasizing pure supplies.
On the premise of preserving the sense of historical past, this transformation is to appreciate its transformation within the trendy new life-style by means of house renewal, in order that the restricted house can carry extra actions. The riverside courtyard, with white partitions and crimson tiles, echoes the previous and way forward for wujiaqiao.